16 October 2012
“This will mean that where prosecution is possible in both the UK and in another state, the British courts will be able to bar prosecution overseas, if they believe it is in the interests of justice to do so.”
28 November 2012
Richard O’Dwyer’s deferred prosecution agreement is announced, prior to his planned appeal against extradition to the US on copyright-related charges.
11 January 2013
While under federal indictment, prominent developer and internet freedom activist Aaron Swartz commits suicide. His family describe their loss as “the product of a criminal justice system rife with intimidation and prosecutorial overreach” over “an alleged crime that had no victims.” The conduct of prosecutors in this case becomes a major public policy issue in the United States.
25 January 2013
Online protest #OpLastResort begins.
— OpLastResort (@OpLastResort) January 25, 2013
14 October 2013
The forum bar is enacted in the UK’s Crime and Courts Act.
23 October 2013
A two count indictment against Lauri Love is filed in the District of New Jersey.
25 October 2013
Lauri Love is arrested at his parents’ home by the National Crime Agency on suspicion of offences under the UK Computer Misuse Act. 25 items of electronic equipment are seized. He is interviewed by an NCA investigator and released on bail without charge.
29 January 2014
Shortly before Lauri’s police bail is due to expire, he is issued with a Section 49 RIPA order, compelling the surrender of encryption keys.
7 February 2014
Lauri Love responds to the RIPA order, through his solicitor, telling the NCA he has no information to provide.
21 February 2014
Indictment against Lauri Love issued in the Southern District of New York.
13 March 2014
The Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act receives royal assent, removing the automatic right to appeal in extradition cases
3 July 2014
Lauri Love is released from police bail in the UK, but does not receive an official notice of “no further action”. All monitoring restrictions are lifted and Lauri’s passports are returned to him.
24 July 2014
A nine-count indictment against Lauri Love is returned in the Eastern District of Virginia.
20 February 2015
Lauri Love starts a civil action against the National Crime Agency for the return of his property, which he later withdraws.
23 March 2015
Superseding indictment against Lauri Love filed in the District of New Jersey.
15 April 2015
Section 160 of the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 comes into force, removing the automatic right to appeal in extradition cases.
21 May 2015
15 July 2015
Lauri Love is arrested by the Metropolitan Police’s extradition unit and appears at Westminster Magistrates’ Court, where he is released on conditional bail.
3 November 2015
Lauri Love restarts his civil action against the NCA for the return of his property. In a hearing at Ipswich Magistrates’ Court, the case is transferred to Westminster Magistrates’ Court, to be heard by the same judge as Lauri’s extradition proceedings.
2 March 2016
At a directions hearing in Lauri Love vs NCA, the NCA asks the court to direct Lauri to hand over his encryption keys under its general case management authority. It also obtains a reporting restriction. Arguments on the compelled decryption issue are set for a separate, one-hour hearing on 12 April.
12 April 2016
Oral arguments on the compelled decryption issue are heard at Westminster Magistrates’ Court.
10 May 2016
28-29 June 2016
25 July 2016
Final arguments in Lauri Love’s extradition hearing are heard at Westminster Magistrates’ Court (coverage).
16 September 2016
12 October 2016
Lauri’s case is raised at Prime Minister’s Questions by David Burrowes MP.
24 October 2016
105 MPs sign a letter to Barack Obama asking him to withdraw the extradition request for Lauri. Later signatures take the total of MPs opposing Lauri’s extradition to 114.
27 October 2016
Barry Sheerman MP raises Lauri’s case with the Solicitor General during a House of Commons debate on cybercrime.
14 November 2016
Home Secretary Amber Rudd authorises Lauri Love’s extradition to the US. His legal team have 14 days to appeal against the order.
28 November 2016
Lauri Love’s legal team makes its application for appeal.
25 April 2017
The High Court grants Lauri Love permission to appeal against his extradition to the United States. Human rights organisation Liberty will also make representations in the case.
18 November 2017
73 MPs – including Barry Sheerman, Heidi Allen and Lauri’s local MP Culture Minister Matt Hancock – write to the Prime Minister and Attorney General, asking them to make representations to their American counterparts about Lauri receiving a trial at home.
29-30 November 2017
Lauri Love’s appeal against extradition is heard at the Royal Courts of Justice in London.
30 January 2018
5 February 2018
The High Court rules against Lauri’s extradition, in a landmark decision that marks the first effective use of the forum bar. The US has until the end of the day on Friday 16 February to apply to appeal to the Supreme Court.