Courage our network

Timeline

16 October 2012

Gary McKinnon’s extradition is blocked by Home Secretary Theresa May on human rights grounds. May announces that the UK will be introducing a forum bar:

“This will mean that where prosecution is possible in both the UK and in another state, the British courts will be able to bar prosecution overseas, if they believe it is in the interests of justice to do so.”

28 November 2012

Richard O’Dwyer’s deferred prosecution agreement is announced, prior to his planned appeal against extradition to the US on copyright-related charges.

11 January 2013

While under federal indictment, prominent developer and internet freedom activist Aaron Swartz commits suicide. His family describe their loss as “the product of a criminal justice system rife with intimidation and prosecutorial overreach” over “an alleged crime that had no victims.” The conduct of prosecutors in this case becomes a major public policy issue in the United States.

25 January 2013

Online protest #OpLastResort begins.

14 October 2013

The forum bar is enacted in the UK’s Crime and Courts Act.

23 October 2013

A two count indictment against Lauri Love is filed in the District of New Jersey.

25 October 2013

Lauri Love is arrested at his parents’ home by the National Crime Agency on suspicion of offences under the UK Computer Misuse Act. 25 items of electronic equipment are seized. He is interviewed by an NCA investigator and released on bail without charge.

29 January 2014

Shortly before Lauri’s police bail is due to expire, he is issued with a Section 49 RIPA order, compelling the surrender of encryption keys.

7 February 2014

Lauri Love responds to the RIPA order, through his solicitor, telling the NCA he has no information to provide.

21 February 2014

Indictment against Lauri Love issued in the Southern District of New York.

13 March 2014

The Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act receives royal assent, removing the automatic right to appeal in extradition cases

3 July 2014

Lauri Love is released from police bail in the UK, but does not receive an official notice of “no further action”. All monitoring restrictions are lifted and Lauri’s passports are returned to him.

24 July 2014

A nine-count indictment against Lauri Love is returned in the Eastern District of Virginia.

20 February 2015

Lauri Love starts a civil action against the National Crime Agency for the return of his property, which he later withdraws.

23 March 2015

Superseding indictment against Lauri Love filed in the District of New Jersey.

15 April 2015

Section 160 of the Anti-Social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act 2014 comes into force, removing the automatic right to appeal in extradition cases.

21 May 2015

Superseding indictment against Lauri Love filed in the Eastern District of Virginia and an arrest warrant issued.

15 July 2015

Lauri Love is arrested by the Metropolitan Police’s extradition unit and appears at Westminster Magistrates’ Court, where he is released on conditional bail.

3 November 2015

Lauri Love restarts his civil action against the NCA for the return of his property. In a hearing at Ipswich Magistrates’ Court, the case is transferred to Westminster Magistrates’ Court, to be heard by the same judge as Lauri’s extradition proceedings.

2 March 2016

At a directions hearing in Lauri Love vs NCA, the NCA asks the court to direct Lauri to hand over his encryption keys under its general case management authority. It also obtains a reporting restriction. Arguments on the compelled decryption issue are set for a separate, one-hour hearing on 12 April.

12 April 2016

Oral arguments on the compelled decryption issue are heard at Westminster Magistrates’ Court.

10 May 2016

District Judge Nina Tempia rejects the NCA’s attempt to “circumvent” statutory privacy protections by obtaining a forced decryption direction. The NCA’s conduct is widely criticised.

28-29 June 2016

The first two days of Lauri Love’s extradition hearing are heard at Westminster Magistrates’ Court (day 1, day 2, list of witnesses).

25 July 2016

Final arguments in Lauri Love’s extradition hearing are heard at Westminster Magistrates’ Court (coverage).

16 September 2016

District Judge Nina Tempia rules to approve Lauri’s extradition, passing the case on to Home Secretary Amber Rudd. Rudd has until mid-November to make her decision.

12 October 2016

Lauri’s case is raised at Prime Minister’s Questions by David Burrowes MP.

24 October 2016

105 MPs sign a letter to Barack Obama asking him to withdraw the extradition request for Lauri. Later signatures take the total of MPs opposing Lauri’s extradition to 114.

27 October 2016

Barry Sheerman MP raises Lauri’s case with the Solicitor General during a House of Commons debate on cybercrime.